Frogs are generally harmless animals but they can be annoying at times because of the noises they make. Since you’re reading this article, it might be safe to assume that you have a frog infestation problem and want to remedy it right away. 

We do not discredit the contribution of frogs in eliminating bugs because it’s part of their diet. But they produce a lot of noise and can be a real disturbance especially when you’re trying to get a good night’s sleep.

However, there are surefire solutions for this. In this article, we will provide you with helpful information about effective removal of frogs from your backyard.

What are frogs?

Frogs are classified as amphibians – meaning they can live both on land and in water. But their life cycle begins in the water since this is where the eggs are laid and hatched. They also spend the majority of their tadpole life in the water until they mature and start to adapt to life on dry land. 

There are a lot of different frog species such as water frogs and tree frogs among others. Because their first natural habitat is water, they like to spend their time near small bodies of water like a pond or a pool. 

In other cultures, frogs are raised for their meat and eaten by people. Depending on the species, they also come in different colors. As mentioned, they are drawn towards areas with bodies of water such as lakes, river banks, and rain forests – basically anywhere with a water source. These creatures are a valuable part of the ecosystem and help keep the balance.

Natural habitat of frogs

As we said before, frog eggs are laid and hatched in the water so they spend most of their young life there. But there are exemptions. There are frog species that reside in trees and even in the desert out of the more than 5,000 known species. Frogs that live in the desert hibernate during the dry seasons. 

Frogs mainly consume insects like small flies: mosquitoes, moths, and may beetles. Upon maturity, they like to stay on moist soil near bodies of water. This is why they like to come out after a heavy rain. 

What frogs eat

Frogs are generally carnivorous amphibians. Their usual meals consist of crickets, house flies, fruit flies, moths, grasshoppers, worms, springtails, mosquitos, snails, spiders, butterflies, dragonflies, and beetles.

What frogs contribute 

Because frogs prey upon insects, they are large contributors in the control of insect population. They are harmless compared to bats and there is little to zero chances of having a rabid frog around. 

When raised for their meat, they also provide paleo meat that is rich in low-fat, omega-3 fatty acids essential to our health. The presence of frogs in your garden can be a good form of natural pest control as well. Compared to other bug-eating creatures, they do not destroy your plants and their fecal waste can serve as fertilizer for the soil. 

Comparing frogs and toads

This is a very common mistake made by people. They use these terms interchangeably when in fact these are two different animals with distinct differences. In terms of appearance, frogs have smooth and moist skin surfaces and spend most of their time near the water. Toads have dry and rough skin with bumps and live mostly on dry land. 

The limbs of frogs are also longer so their movements are mostly hopping while toads move by crawling because of their shorter limbs. 

For their reproductive process, frog eggs are laid in clusters while toad eggs are in chains. Toads secrete a poisonous substance as a form of a defense mechanism against predators. This substance is harmful to humans and other animals as well. Frogs give off warts and this is also irritating to humans. 

The similarity of the two animals is that they both consume insects as part of their diet. 

Identify the species

You can often tell what kind of species a frog is depending on the type of environment they live in. If you are able to identify the type of frog or toad, then you can change the environment that they frequently inhabit if you want to get rid of them. 

Your backyard might provide comfort to these animals which is why they like to stay there often. If you want to drive them away, then make your backyard an unpleasant place for them. 

When you don’t know how to deal with a specific species of frogs or toads, you can use a general approach. But it’s definitely a lot easier if you make use of a specific method to ensure effectiveness. 

Check the laws

Due to animal welfare concerns, there are some frog species that are illegal to kill. So you should not be reckless in eliminating whatever frog you find in your backyard if you do not want to get in trouble. 

You should always check with the existing laws that govern the management of animal species. There are species that should not be killed because they are already endangered and there are also those that are invasive and whose population should be controlled. Either way, you should do your research first before doing anything. 

Harming one life of a frog or toad that is already classified as endangered may get you in trouble because efforts are being made to preserve their species and their population is already in low numbers. For invasive frogs on the other hand, it’s alright to kill them to control their population. 

Safety tips

  • There are people who have allergic reactions to frogs. It’s best to wear protective equipment that covers your entire body when you deal with frogs. 
  • Frogs like to stay in places with an abundance of food sources so you can assume that there are also flies and mosquitoes in that area. Aside from the protective body equipment, you can also put on some bug repellent spray. 
  • Be sure to also wear protective gear to prevent inhalation of insecticides and pesticides. 

First-line management

If this is your first time eradicating frogs from your backyard, you can begin with these simple and general techniques first. These are easy to do and won’t give you much of a hassle to carry out. These simpler remedies are best suitable to be done first before resorting to less humane ways of driving them away. 

1. Remove shelter and source of food

Frogs usually stay in areas with tall grasses where they can also hide and there is also an abundance in the presence of insects. If you eliminate these factors, then the frogs will have less reasons to remain or return to that spot. 

Areas with puddles of stagnant water are attractive to frogs since they can also be good places to lay eggs in. Usually these places also harbor lots of insects especially mosquitoes so that’s a plus for them too.

So the best thing that you should do is trim your grass and clear your backyard of any stagnant water sources. With these measures, you hit two birds with one stone. You get rid of the frogs and the insects as well. 

2. Eliminate other attractants

Wherever there are insects, frogs are most likely to visit frequently. So it’s safe to say that areas with high insect infestation are hot spots for frogs as well. Weeds, debris, and other areas where they can hide. 

If you regularly clean your yard, not only will you improve its appearance but you will also be able to keep unwanted animals from staying in your property. 

3. Limit access to water sources

Moisture and water are essential factors for a frog’s survival. They need constant access to water. Without it, frogs will be dehydrated. You can get rid of water sources in your backyard if you do not want frogs to frequently spend their time in your property. 

If these ways are still ineffective, then you can resort to other means. 

Other humane methods for frog eradication

Frogs make a lot of noise and can be a real nuisance. There is a chance that the first-line management methods may not work for them so you’ll have to resort to other ways of eradication. Killing them should be the last option, so here are other approaches you can take.

4. Presence of natural predators

The presence of natural predators in the area is a good way to keep frogs away. They do not want to be in close proximity with snakes, birds, fish, herons, otters, and minks who might prey on them. 

You can invite natural predators who are not harmful or dangerous to you so you’re still safe but enough for frogs to be afraid of and not dare step within your property. Owls are a good example of this. They are quiet and mostly active only during the night.

Your top choices for predators are snakes and owls. These are the two that you can attract so you can decide on which one you are more comfortable with having in your backyard. 

5. Build a sturdy fence

If the previous one just isn’t an option for you, you can try limiting access to your yard by building a fence to keep unwanted animals away from your property. If you have a water source in your yard, you should also build a barrier around it.

This will prevent frogs from taking up residence in that body of water that you have. Together with physical removal methods, you can drive frogs away perhaps even permanently from your property.

The fence or barrier that you build should have a fine mesh so that even smaller-sized frogs cannot enter. 

6. Other borders

Frogs are small creatures and their limbs are short as well so they won’t be able to climb over tall barriers. Aside from a fence, you can add additional borders around small bodies of water in your yard and around your property as well if you have problems with other stray animals entering. 

However, this only works for selected frog species. This definitely won’t affect tree frogs because they are experts at climbing tall structures. If your problem pertains to non-climbing frogs, then this could be an effective measure for you to take. 

7. Utilize natural repellents

You can formulate frog repellents that can send away frogs without causing them serious harm or injury. 

One example can be coffee grounds or salt. Either of these two can be good repellents to put around the area where frogs often hang around. Vinegar and water are also effective natural repellents so frogs willingly avoid that area. 

A solution of 1 part vinegar and 1 part water when sprayed on the ground can be irritating to frogs when they step on it. It produces a burning sensation on the skin but does not cause serious harm. They won’t want to return to that spot again. 

Can vinegar repel frogs?

Vinegar is an effective home remedy for frog infestation. They are also effective in keeping frogs away because being a weak acid, it can cause a burning sensation to the frog’s skin. You can mix equal parts of vinegar and water, put it in a spray bottle and apply to the areas. 

Other home remedies are:

  • Citric acid

16 percent of concentrated citric acid sprayed in the areas frequented by frogs can also suffice in keeping them away from that spot. 

  • Salt

You may notice that frogs usually stay in freshwater only. That is due to the fact that saltwater can actually cause severe dehydration to them. You can dissolve salt in water and store it in a spray bottle for easier application. 

  • Coffee grounds

Another effective home remedy is the use of coffee grounds. The advantage of this is that it is not harmful to plants so it’s no problem if ever it gets on your plants. But it harms the frogs when they come into physical contact with it. 

8. Snake repellents can also repel frogs

Snakes aren’t exactly neighborhood-friendly animals to have around the area. There are snake-repelling substances available that you can purchase and you can also use them to repel frogs. 

They come in spray form that you can apply in the hot spots where frogs usually stay. Make sure to read and follow the instructions carefully and wash your hands after using to prevent poisoning because these chemicals are made of chemicals that can be harmful to humans as well. 

9. Frog-specific repellents

In case the snake repellent is ineffective, there are repellent substances that are made specifically for frogs. They usually come in granulated pellets and are quite pricey. However, they are proven to be effective. 

10. Physical removal 

This is probably the most hassle method out of all that we have suggested. But it can be effective when employed with the fence or barrier method as well. A direct approach is to simply catch the frogs using a net and dispose of them somewhere else away from your property.  

If you have successfully disposed of them and also put up a barrier to prevent reentry, then you can surely have a frog-free backyard. However, if you still find frogs after some time, there’s a chance that there might be tadpoles somewhere in your yard. 

11. Set traps

Now we are on to a less humane but nonetheless effective method. Surprisingly, mousetraps are also effective in catching frogs aside from mice. These are cheap devices and you can get a lot and set them up in different areas of your yard to cover a lot of ground. 

When you have these traps set up, you should not let children or other pets loose in your backyard so they won’t be the ones caught in the trap. 

12. Hire an exterminator

It’s alright if it’s not within your capability to eradicate these animals. You can simply hire an expert to do the job if the methods you took did not work. 

Exterminators know other humane methods to catch frogs without killing them but they make use of temporarily disabling chemicals. Research on the trustworthy companies that provide this service in your area. 

How to kill frogs

  1. Freezing is an effective and less brutal way of killing frogs. They aren’t able to survive in extremely cold temperatures so when they are exposed to such conditions, they go into hibernation, lose consciousness, and then you can kill them and they won’t suffer.
  2. Use of gigs. These are multi-pronged claws that can be attached to long handles and can be used as a spear to impale the frogs. These are best used at night when frogs are out and about. You can use a flashlight to temporarily stun them and gig them easier.
  3. Salt spreading. Salt and water mixtures can dehydrate frogs so you can spray it around the areas where they usually stay. Just be careful not to directly spray them on your plants to prevent drying. 
  4. 1.3 lbs of dry citric acid dissolved in 1 gallon of water is also another good homemade frog repellent.
  5. Orajel. This contains a sedation-causing chemical called Benzocaine. A small amount of this substance can sedate the frog and stop their heart. Once you have caught one, you can apply a small amount of this on their head.
  6. Shooting with a pellet rifle or BB gun. Make sure you have a license to handle a weapon and that it is legal in your area. 

Preventing reproduction

After getting rid of the frogs in your area, you will want to ensure that you will no longer have to worry about new young frogs appearing. 

  • Take the tadpoles out of the water and put them on dry ground to deprive them of water which is their main source of nutrition. 
  • Get rid of the eggs or egg masses. You can easily spot the eggs because they appear like jelly blobs that are clumped together. If the blobs are attached in a string-like manner, these are toad eggs. You can also leave them on dry land to dehydrate them.  

Conclusion

If you live in an area where there is an annoyingly large population of frogs and you find a few of them ending up in your backyard, you may be looking for ways on how to get rid of them. We have provided home remedies, humane, and last resorts that you can try out to eliminate them from your yard. 

Before applying these methods, especially the less humane ones, always double check the laws that govern animal welfare in your area so you don’t get in trouble. There are existing laws that prohibit the moving or killing of certain frog species. 

You can always use the home remedies and humane methods to minimize their presence and prevent them from returning to your property. Try them out first.