Exact Time: 5 to 10 Hours

Urination, or peeing, is the natural act of excreting urine from the body. Urine is stored in the urinary bladder, passes via the urethra, and exits the body. Peeing is also known by the medical terms voiding, micturition, emiction, or enuresis. Pissing and weeing are more familiar names.

A healthy human or animal will urinate up to seven times a day. Urination is a self-controllable process in a healthy person. However, newborns and certain elderly persons cannot control their pee discharge deliberately, and urinating is usually a reflex.

Whether you have a birthday party event in your backyard with a bunch of your kids and their friends, or even an adult gathering for thanksgiving and you have only one bathroom for your whole guest, it is essential to know just how long you can hold your pee before worrying about it.

How long does the body keep urine?

The amount of time your body can go without peeing is determined by the size of your bladder. So you’ll be able to “last” longer without going to the restroom if you’re dehydrated. According to the Cleveland Clinic, urinating six to eight times in 24 hours is usual. According to the Department of Internal Medicine at Aurora Health Care, an entire human bladder can hold around one liter of urine. As a result, when the volume of pee exceeds that threshold, it becomes considerably more challenging to hold it in.

According to MedlinePlus, a healthy bladder can comfortably hold up to two cups of liquids for two to five hours before feeling the need to go, and some people can hold out much longer. Everything comes down to how much you drink – and how full your bladder is. Some people (including children) can sleep for up to 12 hours without getting up to pee. And if you’re dehydrated, you might be able to go 24 hours without going to the bathroom.

If your urinary bladder is already full, peeing after drinking water may take only 10 to 15 minutes.
It takes roughly 9 to 10 hours to urinate if your urinary bladder is empty after consuming water.

How long can a person go without having to pee?

Peeing is a necessary function that should be performed regularly to maintain physical balance. In addition, urination necessitates the cooperation of the autonomic, central, and somatic nervous systems.

The brain centers responsible for urine regulation are the pontine micturition center, the cerebral cortex, and the periaqueductal gray. Males urinate through their penis.

Females, on the other hand, urinate through the urethral hole in the vagina. Before it is necessary to extract the pee from the bladder, it is retained in the urinary bladder for some time.

Urine comprises around 95% water, and the remaining 5% is made up of waste materials—nephrons in the kidneys aid in blood processing and urine production through reabsorption, filtration, and secretion. The urine excretes various nitrogenous wastes, including creatinine, urea, uric acid, and ammonia. Hormones regulate resorption by controlling water and sodium transport based on an individual’s physical state.

Age Group Maximum Time Without Peeing
Children or individuals below the age of 12Five to six hours
Individuals aged 12 or moreNine to ten hours

The maximum amount of time a person can spend without peeing is primarily determined by the age group in which the individual falls. For example, children under twelve usually have an underactive bladder and can hold their pee for up to six hours. Individuals above the age of twelve, on the other hand, have a healthy bladder and can tolerate the pee flow for up to 10 hours.

Why can a person go that long without peeing?

As a person age, they gain more control over their urinary bladder. That is why a healthy bladder can control pee for so long. However, as a person ages, the body loses control of the urinary bladder and may urinate at irregular intervals.

This is particularly common in older adults suffering from kidney disease. If a person cannot control their pee flow on their own, various drugs are available to help them overcome this disease.

It has been discovered that drinking a lot of water causes urination to occur in a shorter period. The consumption of alcohol and caffeine also hastens the rate of urination. Not only can this illness in the urinary tract or bladder causes frequent urine.

On the other hand, the body generates substantially less urine during the night. As a result, a person can sleep well without having to get up at regular intervals to urinate.

If a person needs to urinate more than twice during the night regularly, they may suffer from nocturia.

One of the most common causes of delayed urination is dehydration. If a person’s body lacks the necessary fluids, the urinary bladder cannot generate urine effectively.

Excess fluid intake may be the cause of persistent urine discharge. However, if a person drinks fluids regularly and still cannot urinate for an extended period, it is best to visit a medical professional.

How long is it safe to hold your urine?

Before reaching capacity, a healthy human bladder can hold 400 to 500 milliliters of pee or roughly 2 cups. Even though a healthy bladder can stretch and accommodate more significant volumes of pee, it is critical to urinate regularly.

Whether you experience the urge to go or not, it is usually recommended that you empty your bladder every three hours. Doing so is critical, so you don’t hold too much urine in your bladder.”

When should you use the restroom?

So, if you’re a bathroom procrastinator, how do you know when it’s time to get up and go?

If your bladder tells you it’s complete and has to go, I always advise you to go to the restroom to empty it. That’s typically a good sign that your brain and bladder are talking with each other.

The disadvantages of holding your pee

The risks of holding your urination are usually cumulative. Holding your urine for six hours on that one unforgettable road trip is unlikely to harm you in the long run.

However, you may develop difficulties if you consistently ignore the desire to pee. So, in general, go whenever you feel the urge to!

The following are some of the risks of holding your pee:

  • A urinary tract infection can occur if you do not empty your bladder frequently enough or go several days without emptying it (UTI).
  • If you hold your pee out of habit, your bladder may begin to atrophy. As a result, you may develop incontinence over time.
  • When you hold your pee for 10 hours or longer, you may develop urinary retention, which means that the muscles in your bladder are unable to relax and allow you to release yourself even when you want to.
  • Holding your pee can cause your bladder to burst in scarce circumstances.

Is it possible to die from not peeing?

Your odds of dying due to holding in urine are incredibly minimal. Some doctors may even claim that it does not exist. In most cases, your bladder will discharge on its well before you are in actual danger.

In rare cases, people may hold their pee for so long that they cannot release it when it comes. This can lead to a ruptured bladder. If your bladder bursts, you will require rapid medical assistance. A ruptured bladder is a potentially fatal condition.

Holding your pee in for days at a time exposes your body to hazardous microorganisms that are designed to be discharged. This can result in a UTI, leading to various problems, including sepsis. But, again, this is the exception rather than the rule.

Most people can hold their urine for several hours and be perfectly fine.

Problems that may affect your capacity to pee

You may need to relieve yourself sometimes, but you cannot do so. Certain medical disorders can impair your capacity to pee.

Because your body produces less urine due to dehydration and other health issues, it is simpler to hold it in. When this occurs, you will urinate less frequently than is deemed normal. For example, if you pee less than two cups in 24 hours, you have decreased urine output. According to MedlinePlus and the Mayo Clinic, this could be the outcome of one of the following medical conditions:

Among these conditions are:

  • kidney failure
  • urinary tract infections
  • bladder control problems, such as incontinence, overactive bladder, interstitial cystitis
  • a blockage that prevents bladder emptying (urinary retention)
  • Dehydration
  • Urinary tract blockage from an enlarged prostate
  • Blood loss
  • Severe infection
  • Certain medications (diuretics, some antibiotics, anticholinergics, etc.)


Overall, it can be concluded that urination is a process that a healthy human performs regularly. The urinary bladder is in charge of urine production. Urine is made up of water and waste materials. More fluids in the body result in more frequent urine flow. Dehydration causes reduced urine output.

Individuals can control their urine flow for five to ten hours, depending on their age. However, children urinate more frequently than adults because they have an underactive bladder than an adult’s healthy bladder. Uncontrolled urination might cause a few issues. Therefore, it’s best to seek medical assistance in such circumstances.