On average the short answer is about 8 years

Pigs belong to the Suidae family, consisting of eight genera and sixteen species. Wild boars, pygmy hogs, warthogs, and domestic pigs are among the species.

The household pig is one of the most populous large well-evolved creatures on the planet, with approximately 1 billion individuals active at any given time. Pigs are often compared to mutts by those who know them because they are friendly, faithful, and clever. In addition, pigs are normally exceptionally clean and keep a strategic distance from polluting their living spaces if at all possible. 

When allowed to live outside of plant ranches, pigs spend hours playing, lying in the sun, and investigating their surroundings with their keen sense of smell. Pigs are extremely intelligent animals. The pig was domesticated between 5,000 and 7,000 years ago. Pigs can be found all over Europe, the Middle East, and even as far away as Indonesia and Japan. 

What is the average lifespan of a pig? 

If a pig lived in complete freedom and the suitable natural and sterile conditions for its species, its life expectancy would be between 10 and 15 years.

Pig Breeds Lifespan And Their Lifespan

Berkshire

Berkshire pig. Pigs on an organic piggery that practices free range pasture based rotational grazing in a sustainable local food production system with no chemicals and a continual regenerating of the soils

Berkshire pigs originated in England but are now raised all over the world. Their bodies are black, but they have distinctive white feet that resemble socks. 

If you own a farm and want to produce high-quality meat, consider this a good breed. There aren’t many problems with milk production, and their calm demeanor means there won’t be any territorial disputes.

 Berkshire pigs can live for 6 to 10 years.

Chester white 

Chester white

Chester White pigs are, unsurprisingly, white. Male Chester White pigs are far more aggressive than females.

This breed has several health issues to be aware of. First, they are prone to Vitamin C deficiency, which can cause weakness and chronic pain. 

Chester White pigs live for 6 to 8 years. 

Duroc

Duroc pig

The Duroc pig is the oldest domestic breed in the United States. They are red in color and average in size, making them an ideal domestic pet. 

They enjoy curling up on their owners’ laps. Duroc pigs have a longer lifespan than other breeds. This long lifespan is due to selective breeding, which has made them popular among farmers. 

Duroc pigs can live for 10 to 15 years. 

Hampshire 

Hampshire pig

Hampshire pigs are famous for their distinctive markings. Except for a white ring around their bellies, they are all black.

These farm animals grow quickly, and sows, in particular, are praised. They are wonderful, docile mothers who love and care for their piglets. 

Hampshire pigs can live for 10 to 12 years.

 Landrace 

Landrace  pig

Landrace pigs are very high quality that their country of origin, Denmark, once refused to export them. Instead, they wanted to maintain their position as the country with the most and best bacon exports. 

Landrace pigs can now be found all over the United States. Piglets are quite large when they are born and consume a lot of milk. 

Landrace pigs can live for 6 to 10 years. 

Poland china 

This pig breed originated in the United States and was first bred in Ohio despite its name. It’s unclear how the name came about, but it’s thought that American farmers thought it looked like a cross between Polish and Chinese pigs. 

Poland China pigs can live for 6 to 10 years.

Spotted 

Spotted pig

Spotted pigs look like their name. They have light pink skin with black spots on their entire body. 

Spotted pigs have been bred to have superb traits over time. They have a high feed efficiency and gain rate. Sows are also docile and productive. 

Spotted pigs can live for 15 to 20 years.

Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs

Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs

In the United States, Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs are very popular as pets. Pot-bellied pigs can live for up to 20 years if properly cared for. 

To live a long and healthy life, pot-bellied pigs should be spayed or neutered, have yearly veterinary exams with vaccinations, and eat a properly managed diet.

Wild pigs 

Wild pigs

Wild pigs in the United States are descended from true wild boars, which originated in Eurasia and were brought from across the Atlantic by Spanish explorers in the early 1500s. 

These pigs, which have been bred and hybridized with domestic pigs, are referred to as “feral.” Wild pigs can live for up to 20 years, but their average lifespan is shorter — 4 to 8 years — due to high predation mortality rates. 

Yorkshire 

Yorkshire pigs

Yorkshire pigs are very active and have been used for cross-breeding superior genes into other pig species. 

There are, however, some health concerns to be aware of. Yorkshire pigs are quite large, and their weight can cause respiratory illnesses like pneumonia and bronchitis. 

While Yorkshire pigs have a reasonable lifespan, they do not make good domestic pets and are butchered at a younger age. 

Yorkshire pigs can live for 8 to 10 years. 

Maximum wildlife expectancy of pigs 

The maximum wildlife expectancy is 10–14 years, though few species survive beyond 4–5 years. For example, pigs kept in confinement have been alive for 20 years.

ConditionLife Span
Domestic pig8 to 10 years
Wild pig15 to 20 years
Wild pig in the wild4 to 6 years

Why do pigs live for that long?

Pigs can’t handle extreme heat or cold all of the time. If they are not checked, they are prone to heatstroke and pneumonia. Other illnesses may also have an impact on them. 

There are detailed accounts of pigs dying due to extreme weather conditions. 

However, it is well known that weight is the most common cause of ill health in pet pigs.

It may cause various health issues; thus, it is important to provide them with a properly adjusted diet. 

Furthermore, when a pig is raised alone, it can become sad or depressed, to the point of starving to death. It may be best to provide your pig with a companion to keep them occupied in such cases. Some relevant factors must be considered to ensure a pig’s health and longevity.

 Pig care will play a significant role in determining their life expectancy. A pig could live for 15 to 20 years with the appropriate calorie intake. Food is essential for all living things. In any case, you should be aware that pigs are omnivores. 

They consume meat in the same way that we do. Indeed, you should not feed meat to a pig. Feeding meat to pigs is strictly forbidden because it is a simple way to infect them with a disease through the meat. 

Since pigs ate meat, virus outbreaks have occurred worldwide, and the disease has been transmitted to humans. We don’t want this to happen to you or your pig, so refrain from feeding them any meat. 

Conclusion 

Pigs are amazing and beautiful creatures. To begin with, they are extremely friendly creatures, both with other creatures and with their owners. They, too, have extraordinary insights. 

Their current life expectancy ranges from 10 to 15 years. However, the average is 8 years. This occurs in the wild but not when bred in captivity.

 When they are bred, this is not the case. Many factors influence breeding, including breed, sex, purpose, and the master’s intention. Weight may also play a role in this calculation.