If you have leaves piling up in your yard, you might wonder exactly what to do with them.  Is it okay if you leave them where they are? If you do, will they disintegrate, and how long will it take? 

What is the time it takes for leaves to decompose? Leaves degrade in a compost bin for 3-6 months before they may be used in your yard. After that, placing them somewhere on a mound takes about a year or longer without turning them over or creating a damp atmosphere.

However, the time it takes for leaves to decompose varies depending on numerous elements such as air & oxygen, moisture, leaf type, and the ratio of green to brown leaves.

Let’s look at some of these elements, what you can do to ensure that your leaves decompose correctly in your yard, and how you can use the compost.

How long does it take for leaves to decompose naturally?

If you leave leaves in the woods or anywhere else where there isn’t a good environment for them to decay, it will take 6 to 12 months for them to degrade naturally.

So are you wondering what to do with all of your leaves and grass before the winter arrives? Should you turn your yard leaves into organic soil conditioner or throw them away? 

You may do both; those leaves can also be used as a rich soil nutrient for your yard. To do this, leaves must be kept moist and regularly turned so that air and moisture may circulate throughout the pile or compost bin, which benefits the bacteria responsible for decomposition.

It’s not ideal if it’s too hot or too cold because the breakdown of leaves would take longer. It can take even longer if they’re left alone, which isn’t a problem if they’re in the woods, but what if they’re in your yard? Will they be there in the spring if they were left in the fall?

flat lay photography of purple and red leaves

In a compost bin, how long do leaves take to decompose?

Fallen leaves placed in a compost tumbler or bin typically degrade in 3-6 months. This is significantly faster than those left in a pile outside, but why is that?

It’s all because the internal temperature of your compost bin will be significantly greater over the winter than a pile of leaves exposed to the elements. Higher temperatures result in happy bacteria, leading to a faster breakdown rate.

A compost bin’s leaves will need to be turned in every few weeks, but this is easier because they are better sheltered from the elements. In addition, this means you won’t have to choose between keeping your compost pile’s exterior layer dry and maintaining a high internal temperature.

Will the leaves decompose throughout the winter?

Because leaves biodegrade, they will decay throughout the winter, but whole leaves left in winter might harm your lawn. They will interfere with photosynthesis and can severely damage your grass if you don’t break them down into small bits by mowing them with a good lawnmower.

The leaves will disintegrate by the spring if properly treated because breaking them into tiny bits will speed up the composting process and make them simpler to absorb by the soil.

However, leaving full leaves on your lawn as they fall may destroy your grass during the winter and even harm some plants.

Whole leaves obscure sunlight and limit water evaporation, allowing fungus, mold, and illness to thrive. In a single year, these can destroy the lawn. In addition, your leaves may not disintegrate during the winter if left alone since decomposition occurs faster when the leaves are split down into smaller pieces.

Mow your leaves over with a mulch-type lawnmower numerous times during the winter to break them down into smaller bits so they can be absorbed faster in the earth and act as nutrients. Then, in the autumn, an inch or two of shredded leaves can be left on your lawn to keep your grass healthy and nutrient-rich soil.

Is It true that leaves become soil?

They certainly do! Leaves will convert into the soil if you chop them up into small pieces so they may be absorbed more quickly.

Whole leaves, as previously indicated, can mold throughout the winter, but a shredded 1-2 inch layer of mowed leaves is good. They will degrade by spring and provide nutrients to the soil.

Many individuals make compost because the leaves decompose into a wonderful soil amendment for their yard or garden. To compost your autumn leaves effectively, chop them up, wet them, and stir them once or twice a month to ensure that all portions of your pile get enough air.

composting leaves

What Is the best way to compost leaves?

You may make your compost by following a few basic guidelines. Here’s how you can accomplish it on your own:

  1. To chop up the leaves, spread them out and mow them over. This will break them down and make decomposition easier.
  2. Pile them up or place them in a 4-foot-long, 4-foot-wide compost bin. Then, you can create your compost bin.
  3. Pour the water over the leaves and toss them around to moisten them. Next, squeeze the leaves – if you can squeeze a few drops of water out of them, they have the right moisture level.
  4. Turn the leaves every 2 to 3 weeks to ensure that the wetness is uniformly spread, allowing air to reach all sections of the compost and the leaves to decompose at the same rate. Make sure there’s some moisture in it at all times.

You can use the compost to improve the yard soil or mulch around growing plants once it’s finished composting. Compost added to the soil can help retain moisture and nutrients in sandy soil and enhance drainage in heavy soil.

They can be composted at home or in municipal composting facilities. That’s how you can compost your leaves and ensure they decay in time for spring. However, regarding raking leaves for compost, here are some helpful hints.

You can combine leaves with grass or any other easily biodegradable organic material.

How to quickly compost leaves

To compost leaves rapidly, sprinkle some lime and fertilizer on top of them, then cover with dirt. Yes, lime aids in the decomposition of leaves. Here’s how to quickly compost leaves:

  1. To begin, mowing the leaves into smaller pieces is the first step.
  2. Then, in a 4-foot by 4-foot compost bin, put 1 foot of leaves.
  3. When making compost, sprinkle 1/3 cup lime and fertilizer on top of each 1-foot pile of leaves, then cover with an inch of dirt.
  4. Every 2 to 3 weeks, turn the leaves to promote aeration in all compost regions and help the leaves break down at the same rate. Squeeze the leaves to check for moisture. If you can squeeze out a few drops of water, it has the right quantity of moisture.

This was the basic advice I found about getting leaves to degrade faster:

  • Mash them up! It’s the same with nature’s food: the more you break it up, the faster it decomposes. You can achieve this by mowing them down.
  • Pile them high and rotate them periodically! Do this to allow air to circulate and equal the moisture in your leaf pile or compost bin.
  • Combine green and brown leaves! – Compost should be made up of 50% brown and 50% green material, but this isn’t always essential if wet.
  • Keep them hydrated! – The dampness of your pile should be comparable to that of a wrung-out sponge. If the leaves are green, they are already a little damp.
composted leaves

What are the benefits of composting leaves?

  • Nutrients and minerals are abundant in leaves. The leaves contain up to 80% of a tree’s nutrients and minerals. Nature’s nutrition recyclers are often referred to as leaves. Composting leaves is an excellent approach to reintroducing these essential nutrients and minerals to your soil.
  • They’re completely free! If you have trees in your yard, you are probably aware that you are almost completely buried in leaves in the fall. Learn how to make the most of this free source of nutrition for your plants. If you don’t have any trees in your garden, why not ask a tree-loving neighbor or friend? Many individuals will gladly give you a couple of bags of leaves if you help with some of the leaf gatherings! You might also inquire with a local landscaper. They are frequently grateful for leaf donations since they save time and money on tipping costs.
  • Leaves are a good supply of carbon, or browns, for your compost. The carbon/nitrogen (or C/N) ratio of leaves is typically greater than 30 and frequently exceeds 50. However, they are poor in nitrogen, which might be difficult to come by in other composting materials.

Common leaf composting issues

When  it comes to leaf composting, there are two key factors to consider:

  • Unshredded leaves, in particular, tend to mat. Matted leaves produce an impenetrable barrier to air and water, slowing decomposition greatly. If you’re planning to compost your leaves, shred them first.
  • It takes a long time for leaves to decompose. This is because the amount of lignin in leaves varies. Because lignin is resistant to decomposition, it can take a year or two for leaves to disintegrate completely.

What can you do with leaves in your garden?

Here are four fantastic ways to make the most of your garden leaves. The optimum technique for you and your garden will be determined by the volume of leaves you receive, the room you have to manage them, and the length of time you want them to decay. We’ll start with composting and recommend a few more options if you need more inspiration.


Making leaf mold takes less time, patience, and labor than composting leaves. Leaves, on the other hand, can be a terrific way to generate extra compost for your garden, provided you have the space and time. It’s important to note that not all leaves are made equal. Some leaves are more successful at composting than others.

Leaves with a reduced lignin content and higher calcium and nitrogen content are the best for composting. These are the leaves of ash, maple, fruit tree leaves, poplar, and willow. In most cases, these good leaves will decompose in approximately a year.

Compostable leaves are high in lignin and low in nitrogen and calcium. Beech, oak, holly, and sweet chestnut are among them. Also, avoid using black walnut and eucalyptus leaves since these plants contain natural pesticides that hinder seeds from germinating.

Incorporate straight into your garden

The first and most straightforward approach is to apply them as a top dressing to your soil. Over the winter, this will assist in keeping your soil and plant roots warm.

Then, over the winter, cover bare soil with leaves to protect it from severe rains and winds that could erode the soil and leak critical nutrients. Next, add a layer of bokashi pre-compost to the mix or other green waste such as grass clippings.

Use to keep containers safe.

Leaves can also be used to shield containers from the cold of winter. Cover the tops and sides of the containers, as well as the tops and sides of the containers, with leaves. Use chicken wire to keep the leaves in place if your containers are in a windy environment.

Form a leaf mold

The soft, cushiony layer in the forest just above the soil is known as leaf mold. It gently decomposes, gradually adding nutrients to feed plants and enhance soil structure. Leaf mold does not have the same nutritional value as composted leaves, but it is easier and faster to manufacture.

Leaf mold is an excellent garden mulch with a high water retention capacity. Good grade topsoil can store about 60% of its weight in water, whereas leaf mold can hold anywhere from 300 to 500%.

How to make leaf mold

Toss your leaves into a large container. A circular container made of chicken wire or snow fencing is inexpensive and easy to construct. Toss in your leaves and dampen them. Done!

That’s all there is to it. Although some individuals opt to retain their leaf mold for several years, it should be ready to use the next spring or summer. Leaf mold is slightly acidic, so add crushed limestone if your plants are sensitive to acidity.

Uses of composted leaves

raking leaves into bag

Composted leaves can be used in a variety of ways in the garden. The most common example is an early spring mulch for perennial plants and shrubs, which will supply nutrients to the soil they may feed on and use to bloom the following year healthily.

You may also use leaf compost to give nutrients to raised vegetable garden beds, strengthen the soil structure in your existing soil, and mulch at the base of trees to help improve soil-water retention in summer.

Is leaf compost beneficial to vegetable gardening?

Fallen leaves are beneficial to the garden in a variety of ways. 50 to 80% of all nutrients absorbed from the ground by trees end up in the leaves. They create excellent compost, mulch, and fertilizer and can be used in various ways to benefit your plants.

According to a Michigan State University study, mulching is completely helpful to the lawn. In addition, spreading around the roots of plants and trees can assist healthy plant tissue to grow and thrive.

Leaves will convey this nourishment to the soil if harvested at their prime and composted properly. The compost is used to cover the tops of your plants and trees and the base of your plants and trees.

It can be put directly under trees, bushes, and plantings to protect the soil and offer insulation from the cold. You can pile as much as you like on it, and it’s sometimes necessary because rain and snow will deplete the plants’ nutrients.


Will the leaves degrade over time?

Yes, leaves do degrade naturally over time. They will begin to decompose as soon as they fall out of the tree and rest on the ground. They can collect moisture from the soil if they fall into it. However, if the ground is coated with a thick layer of dirt or dead leaves, it is preferable to clear them up before the leaves begin to fall from the tree.

Is it helpful for the soil if leaves rot?

Yes, decaying leaves are ideal for the soil in your yard. Autumn leaves carry trace minerals that trees extract from deep within the earth. When you sprinkle leaves over your garden, they can limit the earth’s warm and beneficial bacteria. Rotten leaves aid in the adhesion of sandy soil by absorbing moisture and softening the dense soil.

What should I do with the leaves that have fallen?

You can do a lot with fallen leaves. For example, instead of gathering them in a plastic bag and dumping them into the lake, you may utilize them in your garden. In addition, you may improve your soil by making a compost pile.

Additionally, you can make leaf mold and mulch to surround the plant. Fallen leaves, on the other hand, have numerous advantages for your veggie garden.