Sometimes, the holes in your yard might be a snake hole. If there is a snake inside it, it can be dangerous, or even deadly, to deal with. In this article, you will know some ways in order to check if a hole is a snake hole; and what to do in case it is really a snake hole.

Why do snakes live in holes?

Snakes cannot make their own holes, although they are adept at navigating their way through loose material. Some species, however, are strong enough to break through the mulch and dig their own holes. When it comes to selecting a home, they might be rather particular. Most snakes will take any shelter available, but some have specific preferences.

 Majority of the holes are chilly and gloomy, and snakes like it.

  • Moreover, holes provide greater security to them. Because their backs are directly in contact with the holes’ ceiling, they feel a little more secure and cozy.
  • Snakes love sandy places, which may be found in deserts all over the world, including in Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is easier for them to get through sand due to the loose nature of the soil.

However, not all holes in your yard are snake holes. For you to know if it is a snake hole, measure it. Smaller crevices are home to rodents, insects, and other animals.

What does a snake hole look like?

Snake Holes in Yard

If you find a hole in your lawn or garden, the chances are it’s a nesting ground for snakes. Just make sure that when you’re dealing with the snake in the hole, do not disturb or kill it. Here’s how you will know if it is a snake hole:

The majority of snake burrows/holes are circular in shape. Any elliptical or non-circular formation is usually the hiding place of another animal, or not a snake.

There may be debris or leaves at the bottom of some snake tunnels. An obvious sign of a snake hole is if the debris looks disturbed.

How to check if that hole is a snake hole

Snake holes in your backyard may make you wonder if there are still snakes living in them. You may not know how long they’ve been there. You have to check to see if a snake hole is empty. Here are some ways to do this:

  • Look for snakeskin that has just been shed. Because the snake is living in this hole, this is a good sign.
  • Look for snake feces. Snake feces look like tubes with dark colors and white, chalky urine streaks on parts of them. There may also be bones and fur in the feces, but it is not certain.
  • Find out if there are spiderwebs or other things around the hole.

Common snakes in the backyard

The types of snakes that might be in your yard depend on where you live in the country. Some of the common types are:

Garter snakes

Garter snakes

Garter snakes are usually found in meadows, hillsides, woodlands, and marshes. They are about 18 to 21 inches long and come in a wide range of colors and patterns, from striped yellow, brown, and black to checkered.

Garter snakes may also be seen as a benefit to a homeowner’s garden because they act as “natural pest control” by eating those pesky bugs. Garter snakes are not dangerous to humans, but some may have a mild neurotoxic venom.

Northern water snakes

Northern Water Snake

Northern Water Snakes aren’t poisonous, but they aren’t afraid to bite if they feel threatened. If you don’t know the difference between the non-venomous Northern water snake and the poisonous Water Moccasin, you could get hurt.

Their looks are similar, but the Northern water snake is a lot smaller and slimmer. Moreover, they can be between 24 and 42 inches long. Usually, they have brown and black spots on their bodies and are found near water.

Most of the time, Northern water snakes will move away from water to look for places to hibernate. This makes your garden or backyard a great place for them to stay.

 Other types of snakes and where they are found:

Common Kingsnake

Common Kingsnake

In Arizona, these are black and white snakes that can be found all over. These snakes aren’t dangerous, but they can grow up to 6 feet long.

Redbelly Snake

Redbelly Snake

These grow to be 8 to 10 inches long and are the smallest snakes in Minnesota. It is brown or gray in color with a red belly.

Rat snake

Rat snake

The rat snake has a shiny black scale on their backs and a light-colored belly. The largest snake in Ohio, 6-foot-long and harmless. However, they can be startling because they like to climb trees, which can make them look scary.

Why do snakes like to live in my area?

If you live in a region where there are a lot of snakes, chances are your location is conducive for snakes to live. Snakes like wet, dark areas to lay their eggs. To avoid attracting snakes in your yard, you can:

  • Keep your yard free of weeds and thick grass as snakes like to live on this. Maintain the grass as short as possible.
  • Make sure your home is impenetrable by checking for any cracks or holes in the walls. Fill in any cracks and gaps around your home.
  • Remove all of their potential food sources. If there are fewer items for snakes to eat in your area, you may see a decrease in the number of snakes in your area.

Steps to keep snakes away from your area

If you have a snake problem, you should call a professional as this is the most effective way. However, you can also make use of cheap, safe, and effective home remedies to keep snakes away.

Most home remedies use things that you already have in your house or can easily get. Also, home remedies are cheaper than professional products or services, which is why they are more popular. There aren’t many poisons for snakes available on the market, so you can save a lot from making your own ways to keep snakes away.

Cut off the snake’s food supply

Remove the snake’s food source and they will look for food elsewhere. Snakes like to live in places where rodents are, because this is their main source of food. They also like to eat frogs, birds, moles, insects, fish, and other things that live in the ground. If there are a lot of these animals near you, think about getting rid of them.

Get rid the hiding places of snake’s food

In order to get rid of snakes, you need to get rid of their food sources. Tall grassy areas with piles of dirt, leaves, or sticks are places full of bugs and small rodents. Burn firewood, level out piles of dirt, and remove leaves from your yard. Another way to get rid of rodents is to use traps or smoke them out of the yard. Make sure you don’t use smoke bombs in places with a lot of trees, wooden porch furniture, and other things that could catch fire.

Make changes to your landscape

Some of the things snakes like are debris and holes as well as growth. You can add pine cones, holly leaves, gravel, things that snakes can’t get through. You can also plant lemongrass, marigolds, and wormwood to keep snakes away. Also try making changes to your garden to keep snakes away. Grass should be cut short, and install snake-proof fencing that is flush with the ground.

Make use of animals that prey on snakes

Snakes are prey for hens, pigs, foxes, raccoons, turkeys, and cats. If you see these around your house, it’s a good thing. They can keep snakes away. In the absence of foxes, you can make use of foxes to keep snakes away from your home.

Use smoke to drive away snakes

Snakes have a very good sense of smell and they don’t like the smell of smoke. They are very sensitive and can’t stand certain smells or fumes. Dig a fire pit. Use leaves and moss to cover the ember. Let it burn for a few days.

Utilize natural snake repellents

Cinnamon oil, vinegar, lime, Naphthalene, sulfur, garlic, and onion oils work well as snake repellents.

Clove and cinnamon oil

Clove and cinnamon oil can be used to keep snakes away if they are mixed in a spray bottle. This mixture can also be used indoors in a diffuser to make the air smell good. This is a riskier option because you need to spray the repellent right on the snake to get rid of it.

Sulfur and naphthalene

When you buy snake repellent, you’ll see naphthalene as one of the main ingredients. It is also found in mothballs. You can save money if you buy mothballs and put them in places where you find snakes.  The powder form of sulfur is another good thing to sprinkle around your house.

Garlic, onions and rock salt

When garlic and onions are mixed with rock salt and spread around your yard, they can keep snakes away.

White vinegar

White vinegar poured over any body of water is a natural way to keep snakes away.

Lime and peppermint

Mix lime with peppermint and spray it around the outside of your home. This is irritating for the snake and it drives them away.

What to do if you see a snake hole

Grass snake hunter in the wild close-up

Here are some things you can do if you find a snake hole in your yard.

Make sure the snake is not inside the hole.

Check to make sure there isn’t a snake in the hole. If you find one, cover the hole and leave. Disturbing or killing the snake that lives there isn’t a good idea. Take a long stick and poke it slowly into the hole to make sure there’s nothing that looks inside the hole.

If nothing jumps at you or moves inside it, the hole is probably clean. You can fill it with dirt or gravel to keep animals from using it. You can fill it with dirt or gravel to keep animals from using it.

Do not disturb the snake in it hole.

You should think about the shape and size of the snakeskin and the kind of snake that might be around your yard.  Most likely, the snakes that are found in the yard will not be dangerous. The non-venomous snakes help get rid of bugs like crickets, some types of worms, and cockroaches. They will also eat rats and moles.

Most of the time, it is better to let the snake keep doing what it needs to do.  In the US, the garter snake and the common water snake are the two most popular non-venomous snakes that aren’t dangerous to people. Water snakes are around 18 to 20 inches long. Garter snakes, on the other hand, are about 24 to 42 inches in length. Garter snakes can be different colors and patterns, but water snakes are usually brown or black and have spots on them, like this.

People and pets can, however, try to get the snake to move away. These include setting traps, using snake repellents, and filling or covering snake holes.

Use dye to track it.

Use a cloth with bright dye on it and place it in the entrances of the hole. If the dye moves or there are drag marks on the ground, something crawled out from the hole. And if the dye left long, streaky drag marks, it could have been a snake.

Check for other holes that look like the one you found

Make sure there are no other holes in your garden, because this one might have been left behind by the previous snakes.

  • Take note of where these holes lead and cover them too.
  • For dead-end holes. just leave them be, as long as there aren’t any snakes that could possibly live inside it.

Check your local rules and regulations about snakes

It’s common to want to fight back against a snake because you’re afraid of it, but you might want to think about regulations first. Some states have laws that say you can’t shoot or hit snakes. It’s also important to check to see if fumigation is legal in your area.

Use snake sprays and repellents

There are a lot of ways to get rid of snakes, one of which is to use snake spray. There are places where snakes can be sprayed with the repellent. You can also spray it around the edges of the yard to keep them out. Many times, they have a smell of cinnamon, cloves, or ammonia when they are burned. People and pets should look for repellents that are safe for both of them. Make sure it’s legal where you live.

Set a trap and be careful near traps

You can set a trap. Isn’t going to kill them, but it will trap them so that they can be freed later. Avoid working near snake holes and traps, because when they’re freed, the snakes may become angry and try to bite. Make sure to wear gloves to protect yourself from getting hurt. At least 10 miles away from where the snake was caught, make sure to let it go. This way, it won’t come back to the yard and bite someone else again.

Seek help from pest control professionals

If you are afraid of snakes or don’t know how to deal with snake holes, you should ask a pest control professional for help. Any type of snake can be harmful to people or pets if they feel threatened or become irritated.

They can get rid of snakes from your home in a safe way, like by hiring a pest control company or calling a local wildlife service. They will be able to look at the risks and come up with the best way to get rid of snakes from your yard. They can also tell people what kind of snakes are living in their yard and how to keep them from coming back.

What to do in case there is a snake exiting the hole

Here are ways you can do if in the worst-case scenario, you see a snake exiting one of the holes in your yard.

Use bleach and water

Spraying the snake with a mix of bleach and water should be regarded as a last resort at this point. When doing this step, avoid doing it to poisonous snakes, since this might make your situation worse. The snake won’t be killed right away, but it will be disarmed and scared away.

Douse the hole with a lot of oil.

This will suffocate the snake. However this may not be 100 percent successful, though, since snakes can hold their breath for up to 40 minutes.

It’s generally advisable to consult specialists who deal with such difficulties if none of these solutions works or if you just don’t want to undertake them. Moreover, let the snake continue on its path first before doing anything.

Don’ts when you see a snake hole

Snakes aren’t dangerous by nature, but that doesn’t mean they won’t attack you if they sense danger. Whenever you’re interacting with them, avoid doing the following:

  • Do not attempt to handle it barehanded; instead, use protective gear.
  • When it comes to snakes, municipal and state laws each have their own set of rules. Some jurisdictions prohibit or even consider it illegal to use fumigant and even shoot the snakes.

How to prevent snake holes from appearing

If you do not want snake holes from reappearing in your yard, here are steps you can do:

Try putting some grass in the hole, or plant something over it.

This might not be the best and most aesthetic way but it is better than letting snakes get into your house through these holes.

Use net/wire or other materials to cover the snake hole.

Remember to check the area for snakes first, and be careful when you put the coverings over the snake hole before doing this step. Cover the holes in the ground with wire, netting, or burlap. This will stop the snakes from going back to their homes which are the holes.

What to do in case of a snake bite

In case of a snake bite, here are some steps you can do:

  • Call 911 so professionals can administer antivenom.
  • Tell the victim to remain motionless. The poison will spread more slowly if you keep the individual quiet.
  • Take note of the snake’s color and form.
  • If a person’s bite level is below their heart, allow them to rest or sit. The individual should be positioned such that the bite is level with the heart.
  • The bite should be covered with a clean and dry dressing.

Frequently asked questions

What do snake holes look like?

Like mole holes that appear in lawns, snake holes may also be found in the grass. Moreover, snake burrows are round and come in a variety of sizes.

Where can I usually find snake holes?

The only way to know for sure whether a snake is hiding in your yard is to see it for yourself. It’s a little more difficult to figure out which pests are residing in the holes in your yard if you can’t see them in person.

Snake holes may also be found in trees and massive concrete fractures; and are not often located around the gaps in the foundation of a house.


Do snakes dig their own holes in the ground?

Snakes do not dig their own holes in the ground because they prefer to occupy holes made by other creatures such as chipmunks, prairie dogs, mice, and rats Snakes such as black racers, gopher snakes, milk snakes, and others may prey on these creatures and even steal their homes.

Semi-aquatic snakes such as water snakes and crayfish snakes may live in the holes created by frogs and crayfish. Meanwhile, eastern indigo snakes do so in the holes dug by gopher tortoises.

Are snakes more numerous at certain times of the year?

Temperatures between 80- and 90-degrees Fahrenheit during the spring and summer are the times when snakes are most prevalent. They are most active in the early or late hours of the day. During the same summer and early autumn, snakes usually begin to reactivate their activities before going into brumation or hibernation. They can’t be outside throughout the day in the summer because it’s too hot.

Brumation, which is more prevalent in Southern states where snakes reduce their body temperatures and metabolism, is when they become less active. During the winter months, brumation snakes will emerge from their burrows to sunbathe in the sun.  


Snakes aren’t necessarily deadly. They may also help in the fight against pests like rats and mice by killing them. However, nobody wants to see snakes lurking about, and even entering your house. The steps above are what you can do in case of snake holes sightings.