The optimal time to put mulch is in the middle to late April. Mulch is an excellent addition to the garden that will improve its overall appeal as well as the health of your plants. It can mean the difference between a lovely flowering garden and large, sweet, juicy fruits.
What is mulch?
Mulch is a material that you apply over your existing garden soil to enhance the aesthetics of your landscape. It also helps to retain and manage moisture, keeps weeds at bay, and keeps the soil cool for the overall health of your garden.
What is the best type of mulch?
The best type of mulch depends on the plants you’re mulching and the aesthetic you want for your landscaping. There is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all solution. When getting mulch from unknown sources, use caution because they may contain weed seeds. This defeats one of the main reasons for mulching in the first place.
Mulch can be made up from a various materials, including:
- Bark: Bark is great for the bases of permanent trees, shrubs, and small greenery. Use this type of mulch only after you’ve decided on a garden plan. Removing bark can be time-consuming.
- Compost and manure: Compost is useful for a wide range of applications.
- Shredded leaves: are useful for various purposes and, best of all, they are free!
- Newspaper: Wet newspapers can be used as mulch around plants.
- Grass clippings: Grass clippings are ideal for open regions with no shrubs.
- Straw: Great for boosting the growth of gorgeous vegetables in your vegetable garden.
Advantages of mulching
We already know that mulching helps protect your plants, but what are the other benefits of mulching?
You protect your plants from severe temperatures, sun damage, and frost damage if you apply mulch at the proper time. Sun damage can cause your plants to appear sunburned, turning a red or brownish tint. When this happens, the plant becomes distressed and begins to die in the sunburned parts. Fruit plants can suffer from sunburn. By weakening the structure of the affected fruits, the fruit becomes more vulnerable to disease and pest invasion since pests may now burrow into the fruit more effectively.
An even layer of material poured over the existing soil will substantially improve the appearance of your garden landscape.
- Mulch helps in the prevention of new weed growth, but it does not prevent existing weeds from festering. Weeding must be done before the application of mulch.
- It helps in the prevention of soil erosion and compaction.
- It creates a stable environment for your garden by increasing nutrients and providing support, particularly for seedlings.
Disadvantages of mulching
As with many fantastic things, there is always a drawback, but there is a solution if you do your mulching appropriately. Mulching creates a layer of material over the existing garden, making it difficult for the sun to penetrate deeply. This is beneficial when extreme temperatures arise, but it is not beneficial at other times of the year, so you must be careful not to apply it too heavily.
Weed seeds, as well as other nasties, could be lurking in your mulch. Find a reliable farm or a source that is free of weed seeds. A double-mulching approach can be useful. You must first prepare the area and then wrap damp newspaper around the plants. After that, continue by adding a nutrient-dense mulch that contains few to no weed seeds.
Pests that like to infiltrate gardens, such as snails and slugs, love to hide in mulch. It can be useful to use a repellent to keep the snails at bay.
Examples of deterrents include:
- Broken up eggshells. Snails will have a tough time maneuvering past broken up eggshells and avoiding the region.
- Applying petroleum jelly to the most damaged places will help since snails and slugs will find it too slippery and give up.
- Coffee grounds are another effective deterrent. These must be actual coffee bean grounds, not instant coffee grounds.
When is the ideal time of year to mulch?
Mulching is best done in late winter or early spring, according to most experienced gardeners.
However, some gardening aficionados believe that late fall and winter are ideal times to mulch your backyard or garden. A few things influence the decision between spring and fall.
When the following conditions exist, it is preferable to apply mulch in the spring.
- Adding mulch to your garden or backyard in the spring can give it a clean, fresh look. The mulch’s color will complement your flowers, herbs, and vegetables brilliantly. In the fall and winter, the soil is dull, and mulch does not appear appealing.
- If you live in a dry environment, you can spread mulch in the early spring. If the winter has been very wet, you may want to postpone spreading mulch until mid or late spring, as doing so too soon will trap moisture and harm the growing plants’ roots.
- If you have a problem with aggressive weeds, applying mulch in the spring is better. Weeds sprout in the spring, and blocking sunlight is an effective way to eliminate them without using hazardous chemicals that could harm your vegetables and flowers.
It is preferable to apply mulch in the fall or winter if the following conditions exist:
- If your soil is particularly poor, you should consider adding mulch in late fall or early winter. This will allow the mulch to gently degrade, enriching the soil and providing the vital nutrients that your plants will need in the spring.
- If you are busy planting in the spring, it may be good to add your mulch in the fall.
- If the winter is exceptionally cold, you may want to add mulch in the fall or winter to insulate the roots of the plants.
- If the winter is extremely cold, you may want to add mulch in the fall or winter to insulate the roots of the plants. As the mulch forms a warm, comforting covering, it prevents freezing, which can harm your plants before the new season. It will also help to decrease soil erosion caused by rain. If you have perennials, consider applying a layer of mulch in the late fall or winter. This is when the plants go dormant, and they will remain dormant until early spring.
Mulching is popular among gardeners because it keeps the soil moist and weed-free, to name just two of its numerous advantages. However, there are some measures to take. “Avoid mulching fragile perennials early in the spring since they are breaking dormancy,” advises Morrell. Mulching perennials—flowers that come back years after year, such as hostas and peonies—are best done when they are entirely dormant or have hardened.
Some gardeners strongly believe in winter mulching for its ability to control harm to plant portions above ground. But, once again, time is crucial. “Mulching newly planted plants after the ground has frozen in early winter may inhibit the plant from heaving during the winter freezing-thawing cycle,” Morrell explains. (Heaving occurs when the pressure produced by alternating freezing and thawing temperatures raises soil and plants up and out of the ground. Remove the mulch in stages as the earth and temperatures warm; removing it all at once may scare the plant.)
Should I re-mulch before winter?
You ought to if…
- You have an abundance of perennials. Have you ever seen these blossoms emerge from the ground during or after the winter? The soil expands and shrinks as it freezes and thaws, which might push flowers out of their home. By lowering the soil temperature, a protective covering can reduce the likelihood of this happening.
- You have a plethora of evergreens in your yard. During the winter, evergreens frequently become dry (and then brown). A covering might helps in keeping the soil moist.
If that’s the case, you can build on what you’ve already done. Remember that no more than two to three inches of mulch should be present at any given time. So, if you still have an inch leftover from spring, add another inch now.
4 reasons to adopt fall mulching
- Mulch in the fall to avoid having to do it in the spring. Every gardener understands that spring is a hectic time, and late fall usually provides a more manageable to-do list of garden duties. Mulching in the fall saves time in the spring.
- Cooler temperatures makes a strenuous task like mulching more pleasurable. When the temperature is in the 50s, you work up less of a sweat.
- You produce a clear bed surface that makes mulching a breeze by cutting down perennials for the winter. It’s impossible to avoid emerging perennial shoots, bulbs, or seedlings. Cutting perennial stems down in the fall removes that duty from your spring to-do list.
- Fall mulching allows you to enjoy the Great Outdoors one more time before winter weather terminates your outdoor garden season.
4 reasons to skip fall mulching
- For the best mulching results, trim perennial stems to 6- to 12-inch stubs so that mulch may be applied uniformly around them. Fall mulching is not for you if you wish to leave perennial stems for winter interest and insect or bird refuge.
- If self-sowers are a big part of your plantings, omit the fall mulching. In the spring, that new layer may interfere with seed germination.
- The most difficult aspect of fall mulching fits it in on weekends, especially if you live in a location that observes daylight saving time.
- You risk having a snow-covered mulch pile in areas where snow falls early if you don’t get it all out before winter arrives.
The fall mulch dos and don’ts
- Choose a mulch that traps air, similar to down in a winter coat. Insulation and warmth are provided by trapped air. Shredded leaves, weed-free straw, and shredded bark are also good options.
- Aim for a 3-inch-thick mulch layer.
- Use the correct mulch for the job, such as pine straw for acid-loving azalea, shredded bark for front yard beds, holly, rhododendron, hydrangea, camellia, and fothergilla, and straw or shredded leaves for vegetable gardens.
- Don’t apply fall mulch too early in the season. Wait until after the first hard cold before pruning perennials.
- Do not apply a thick layer of mulch over the crowns of perennial plants (the growing points).
- Don’t forget to anchor mulch in windy places with wire fencing or chicken wire.
Considerations before mulching
Before you add mulch to your garden beds, keep the following in mind:
Do you have the right mulch?
Understanding which sort of mulch will work best for your individual needs is critical before getting mulch for your garden. If you want to add mulch to your garden just for aesthetic purposes, consider adding leaves, grass clippings, or compost to your garden beds. Consider getting bark mulch for a more polished-looking mulch that is also incredibly practical.
Have perennials started to show up?
If you’re going to add mulch to a garden bed with perennials, make sure they’ve started to sprout before you do. Mulching too soon may result in accidentally burying plants that are unable to break through the mulch.
Has the area been weeded?
Because adding mulch to garden beds can help with weed management, be sure the garden bed has been properly weeded before applying mulch. Weeds will continue to grow and spread if this is not done.
Has it recently rained?
Ensure to add mulch to your garden after it has recently rained so the mulch can accomplish its function of retaining moisture in the soil. Water your plants and soil before spreading mulch if it hasn’t rained recently.
Mulch and insects
During wet seasons, you may see more bugs in your mulch than usual, but these insects rarely cause concerns.
Termites may be drawn to composted wood, although they prefer larger pieces of wood. They don’t enjoy bark nuggets or finely shredded mulch, and mulches made from cedar, cypress, or eucalyptus aren’t as popular.
If your mulch attracts insects, consider using shredded rubber mulch or other inorganic mulches such as stone or crushed rock.
Your garden will thank you next season when it’s time to mulch, thanks to meticulous planning and a smart approach. Allow your plants to thrive and plan by planning where you will find your mulch, when you will lay it down in the spring, and, more importantly, where. You may have to set aside a day for gardening activities, but I’m confident it will be worthwhile once you see the results and your garden begins to flourish.