Popcorn is a great snack to munch on while watching movies. It is also super easy and convenient to make. However, the question is, does it go bad? If yes, how long does it last?
Popcorn Kernels—what are these?
By definition, kernels are the part of the plant that can be eaten. Hence, popcorn kernels are the edible part of the corn.
How are popcorn kernels made?
With high heat, it can be popped and turned into popcorn. This happens because of the variations in the inside and outside pressure caused by the difference in moisture from heating. Around 15-20% of the moisture is required to pop/These pressure changes cause a physical reaction.
Two types of popcorn kernels
Traditional corn kernels
- Also called plain popcorn kernels
- Can remain usable for more than a year
- Not pre-flavored; requires adding flavors upon cooking
- Usually requires popcorn maker when preparing
- Must be stored in airtight bags or away from direct sun heat to retain moisture
Note: A high-quality popcorn oil must be used without a popcorn maker.
Microwave popcorn kernels
- Ready-to-eat popcorn, also called “commercially popped.”
- Instant and convenient, it can be prepared in less than 3 minutes
- With shorter usability
- Already comes with flavors, and butter, sugar, oil
Note: Consume it before the expiration dates. Going beyond it (ex: 3 months past the expiration date) may pose health risks.
What is the shelf life of popcorn?
Due to other additives, microwave popcorn has a shorter shelf life. To lengthen its shelf life, do store it in a tightly sealed bag to prevent air or moisture from triggering staleness. Shelf life varies per type.
For commercially popped popcorn
- When unopened: Best by + 2 – 4 weeks
- When opened: Best by 1 – 2 weeks
- High-quality products last longer
- Best-by or best-before date, usually 2-3 months after production
- Will lose flavor and dry out 2 months after the best-by date
- Lasts one to two weeks after opening, the latter when stored properly.
Two to four weeks if left open. Once you open the package, the shelf life drops to one to two weeks.
- 1 – 2 years or Best by + 6 – 12 months
- Has an indefinite shelf life
- Lasts for years but with varying freshness
- Preferably used within 2 years (or 6-12 months) of manufacturing date
- Best by + 3 months
- Lasts shorter than dry kernels
- Added oil and butter do not retain great quality
- Best used within 3 months from the date on the label, lasts typically longer
Note: these should be stored away from direct sunlight and moisture
While microwaveable popcorn packages contain kernels, they don’t keep as long as plain kernels. Manufacturers pack microwavable popcorn with oils, which won’t taste good over time. Best if consumed before the expiration date, but it can still be consumed 3 months past that date.
What type of seasoning is used affects the shelf life. To retain freshness, better store it in an airtight container.
Better consumed within six months to a year of getting them. As time goes on, popcorn kernels lose the moisture inside that makes them pop. They would also lose their fluffiness.
How to properly store popcorn kernels according to type
For microwave packets
In the case of microwave packets, follow the product label recommendation—whether it should be stored in the fridge or not. When storing in the fridge, place it in its original packaging, and find a spot away from the door, preferably on the bottom shelf.
Before using it, take it out of the fridge for at least half an hour to let it adjust to a neutral temperature. You can also make use of a hot air popper machine.
For commercially popped kernels
Even if it is past its expiration date, you can keep this type of popcorn in its original packaging. However, you should note that it will slowly lose its quality upon opening. Do the same storage steps (using airtight containers) for the leftovers.
Reminders when storing popcorn kernels
- Do not store in fluctuating temperatures
- Store in a dry place
- Make sure that the temperature is normal—not too cold nor too warm
- Place in an air-tight container
- Store away from direct sunlight
- Do not store it in the fridge as this cannot be reheated after
- The fridge won’t chill it enough to retain shape or stiffness
- Fridge moisture can lead to popcorn mushiness
Why does popcorn go bad?
Popcorn goes bad when not stored properly. It is because of the moisture content in the kernel. Water comprises around 15% of the kernel. The kernels dry out when not stored in an airtight container at a neutral temperature.
Storing it in the fridge is also a big no as this will cause kernels to dry out. The pressure and steam inside the kernel cause it to pop into the popcorn; without it, it will not pop. Popcorn that stays under the bowl does not pop due to lack of moisture and pressure.
How to know if a popcorn has gone stale
For regular popcorn kernels
- Color turns darker
- Presence of a strange smell
- Does not pop, stays as a kernel
Will popcorn last longer when stored in the fridge and freezer?
There are no proven benefits of storing popcorn in the freezer or the fridge. Hence, these do not prolong popcorn’s shelf life. Instead, some practices must be followed to maximize popcorn’s longevity.
Signs that popcorn has gone bad
Here are some signs that show popcorn is no longer edible:
Upon sniffing the popcorn or kernels, discard it immediately if you smell a moldy or rancid oil scent.
Rub a few popped kernels in your finger. Look for signs of uneven spice distribution or firmer feel. If you do, this indicates that the popcorn is now tasteless but may still be consumed.
Change in oiliness or saltiness
If you can feel the typical buttery taste, the popcorn is still safe to consume. If, after trying one or two and you feel a different type of oiliness or saltiness, you better not continue eating it.
Presence of pantry bugs
Bugs might be present in your popcorn, especially if you cannot seal it properly. Upon signs of infestation, discard the item immediately.
Presence of molds
Whether it is black or white mold, do not pop them and throw them away. Never attempt to separate the “non-moldy” and “moldy ones”. Instead, throw all the popcorn away and buy a new one.
How to extend popcorn’s shelf life
The key to extending popcorn’s shelf is to prevent moisture loss. Here are other ways to do this:
Avoid using a paper bag
Instead, store your popcorn kernels in airtight containers. A good example of airtight containers is Mason jars. Using these will prevent moisture loss and bug infestation.
Add water to the container.
To prevent kernels from drying out, add one tsp of clean, cold water for every 454 grams of the dry kernel in a container to prevent kernels from drying out. To distribute the water content, shake it well, and pop a portion after a week. This will retain the freshness of the kernels.
Make use of a dehydrator
A dehydrator is effective for popcorns exposed to too much moisture or accidental spills. You should preheat the kernels and arrange them on the tray. Expose the kernels to 130F or 54.5C temperature for 10-15 minutes. Once cool, place it back in a dry container.
Steps in freezing popcorn
Another alternative you can do to make popcorn last longer is to freeze it. Just make sure you follow these steps:
- Use a freezer-safe, air-tight container. In the presence of a lid, use plastic wrap or add a layer around the container.
- Use plastic wrap or aluminum foil around the container.
- Store it on an even surface inside the freezer.
- Prior to consuming it, let it thaw at room temperature.
Frequently asked questions
Can an expired microwave popcorn still be consumed?
Technically, the date on the microwave popcorn label is a best-by and not an expiration. Hence, you can still consume it past that date. However, for quality and taste purposes, eat it within 6-8 months of that date, and not beyond. Also, look for signs such as odd smells and tastes. If you notice a rotten odor or taste, throw it away.
Is it okay to re-pop popcorn?
It is not uncommon that some kernels won’t pop. In the case of microwave popcorn, where some did not pop due to lack of cooking time, you can place it again in the microwave to continue the cooking process. Just do not overdo it, or else you’ll end up with burned popcorn with a smell that would be so hard to remove.
What causes popcorn kernels not to pop?
Popcorn kernels may dry out because of improper storage. This leads to a lack of moisture, which is why kernels do not pop. Aside from the moisture loss, another reason is super hard shells. This unevenness in quality makes it difficult for kernels to pop.
Popcorn is a snack that never runs out of style. It is always a good idea to munch on something whether you are watching movies or studying. One of the triggers to popcorn going bad is the moisture. Make sure to store it in an airtight container to extend its shelf life.